The main drug utilized for this purpose is gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, commonly known as GHB. GHB has a fast onset of action and can cause acute health issues like dizziness, confusion, loss of consciousness, and when consumed in excessive doses or mixed with alcohol, it can lead to death .
In addition, due to the rapid breakdown of GHB molecules, it is unlikely to identify this drug in the body after 6 hours from consumption . As it usually takes multiple hours before victims enter the hospital, these cannot confirm most cases of drugging, leading to a lack of data, and insufficient proof to file a report, which prevents the victims from getting justice.
So far, tests have been slow, expensive, and inconvenient, as in most cases they can only be performed by trained hospital personnel, or require active testing of the drink carried out by the subject.